Top Attractions in Xian

As one of the most ancient cities in the world, Xian used to be the capital of ancient China. This ancient capital of China is well-known for its famous history relics and cultural museums. Now we will introduce you some of the most featured and most visited attractions in Xian!

 

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Terracotta Warriors and Horses

Terracotta Warriors and Horses

Qin Terracotta Army, a marvelous site that shocks the world till now, is a main part in Xian tourism. Speaking of Xian, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses is definitely a must place to go. As one of the top attractions in China, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses represent the army that triumphed over all other Chinese armies in the Warring States Period and ushered in the united imperial China era 2,200 years ago.

 

Terracotta Warriors is a real-life theme art. Its means of artistic expression is delicate, lucid and lively. The gestures and facial expressions are different between two terracotta warriors, with distinct personality and strong characteristics of that age, showing peak clay sculpture art at that time. There are four main categories of figures of the Terracotta Army: chariot warriors, infantrymen, cavalrymen, and horses. There are generals, middle ranking officers, lower ranking officers, ordinary soldiers, and armored warriors.

 

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Xian City Wall

Xian City Wall

Ancient City Wall, a landmark implies the historic role in China, has mixed the modern factors of Xian. It’s the most complete city wall that has survived in China, as well being one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world. Do you know why it was built? When Zhu Yuanzhang, the first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), captured Huizhou, a hermit named Zhu Sheng admonished him that he should ‘built high walls, store abundant food supplies and take time to be an Emperor,’ so that he could fortify the city and unify the other states. After the establishment of the Ming dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang followed his advice and began to enlarge the wall built initially during the old Tang Dynasty (618 – 907), creating the modern Xian City Wall.

 

goosepagoda

Big Wild Goose Pagoda

Big Wild Goose Pagoda

The Big Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi’an dates back its history to about 1300 years ago during the Tang Dynasty. Built to store and translate Sanskrit Buddhist Scriptures that a monk brought from India, it was initially built in 652 with only five floors. Several decades later, two more floors were added. Today, it is the only tall pagoda of the historic Tang era still standing.

 

As one of oldest historical structures in Xian, the pagoda played an important role in the spread of Buddhism in China. Relics, figurines and writings associated with the Buddha were brought here from India along the Silk Road which ends in Xian.

 

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Shaanxi History Museum

Shaanxi History Museum

Shaanxi History Museum, a platform to show the past Xian, tells visitors the grand scene of Xian. It is located to the northwest of the Giant Wild Goose Pagoda in the ancient city Xi’an. Shaanxi History Museum was built between in 1983 and its appearance recalls the architectural style of the Tang Dynasty. The museum houses over 370,000 historical and cultural items including paintings, pottery, coins, as well as bronze, gold, and silver objects that were made in China’s ancient times. If you are a fan of China’s history and civilization, the history museum is an attraction that you must go during your stay in Xian.

 

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Bell Tower

Bell Tower

The Bell Tower of Xian is located in the center of this city, as a symbol to tell the people that it possesses historical value of this ancient capital in China. Built in 1384 during the early Ming Dynasty with a height of 36 meters, the Bell Tower covers an area of 1,377 square meters. With several large bronze-cast bells from the Tang Dynasty, it is an unique architecture built by bricks and timbers. The tower is a splendid sight with its dark green glazed tiles, blue and green paintings and touches of gold.

 

Ancient Chinese cities were also military castles. In addition to build walls around the city, dig moats and set drawbridge, it also accompanied with the bell tower in the city center as a command center. At peacetime, it was used for reporting time, and so could the drawbridge opening and closing on time. At the state of siege, it was used as city defense command.

 

Besides the above tourist attractions, there are a lot more Xian tourist destinations that deserve your visit, such as the Drum Tower (Gulou), Great Mosque, Banpo Village, Tang Dynasty Show, etc. No matter which type of attractions you like, you can spend a leisure time by losing yourself in this charming city!

 

If you have a chance to pay a visit to Xian, be sure to find a tour guide at China Travelogue.

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