Top Attractions in Xian

As one of the most ancient cities in the world, Xian used to be the capital of ancient China. This ancient capital of China is well-known for its famous history relics and cultural museums. Now we will introduce you some of the most featured and most visited attractions in Xian!

 

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Terracotta Warriors and Horses

Terracotta Warriors and Horses

Qin Terracotta Army, a marvelous site that shocks the world till now, is a main part in Xian tourism. Speaking of Xian, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses is definitely a must place to go. As one of the top attractions in China, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses represent the army that triumphed over all other Chinese armies in the Warring States Period and ushered in the united imperial China era 2,200 years ago.

 

Terracotta Warriors is a real-life theme art. Its means of artistic expression is delicate, lucid and lively. The gestures and facial expressions are different between two terracotta warriors, with distinct personality and strong characteristics of that age, showing peak clay sculpture art at that time. There are four main categories of figures of the Terracotta Army: chariot warriors, infantrymen, cavalrymen, and horses. There are generals, middle ranking officers, lower ranking officers, ordinary soldiers, and armored warriors.

 

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Xian City Wall

Xian City Wall

Ancient City Wall, a landmark implies the historic role in China, has mixed the modern factors of Xian. It’s the most complete city wall that has survived in China, as well being one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world. Do you know why it was built? When Zhu Yuanzhang, the first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), captured Huizhou, a hermit named Zhu Sheng admonished him that he should ‘built high walls, store abundant food supplies and take time to be an Emperor,’ so that he could fortify the city and unify the other states. After the establishment of the Ming dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang followed his advice and began to enlarge the wall built initially during the old Tang Dynasty (618 – 907), creating the modern Xian City Wall.

 

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Big Wild Goose Pagoda

Big Wild Goose Pagoda

The Big Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi’an dates back its history to about 1300 years ago during the Tang Dynasty. Built to store and translate Sanskrit Buddhist Scriptures that a monk brought from India, it was initially built in 652 with only five floors. Several decades later, two more floors were added. Today, it is the only tall pagoda of the historic Tang era still standing.

 

As one of oldest historical structures in Xian, the pagoda played an important role in the spread of Buddhism in China. Relics, figurines and writings associated with the Buddha were brought here from India along the Silk Road which ends in Xian.

 

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Shaanxi History Museum

Shaanxi History Museum

Shaanxi History Museum, a platform to show the past Xian, tells visitors the grand scene of Xian. It is located to the northwest of the Giant Wild Goose Pagoda in the ancient city Xi’an. Shaanxi History Museum was built between in 1983 and its appearance recalls the architectural style of the Tang Dynasty. The museum houses over 370,000 historical and cultural items including paintings, pottery, coins, as well as bronze, gold, and silver objects that were made in China’s ancient times. If you are a fan of China’s history and civilization, the history museum is an attraction that you must go during your stay in Xian.

 

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Bell Tower

Bell Tower

The Bell Tower of Xian is located in the center of this city, as a symbol to tell the people that it possesses historical value of this ancient capital in China. Built in 1384 during the early Ming Dynasty with a height of 36 meters, the Bell Tower covers an area of 1,377 square meters. With several large bronze-cast bells from the Tang Dynasty, it is an unique architecture built by bricks and timbers. The tower is a splendid sight with its dark green glazed tiles, blue and green paintings and touches of gold.

 

Ancient Chinese cities were also military castles. In addition to build walls around the city, dig moats and set drawbridge, it also accompanied with the bell tower in the city center as a command center. At peacetime, it was used for reporting time, and so could the drawbridge opening and closing on time. At the state of siege, it was used as city defense command.

 

Besides the above tourist attractions, there are a lot more Xian tourist destinations that deserve your visit, such as the Drum Tower (Gulou), Great Mosque, Banpo Village, Tang Dynasty Show, etc. No matter which type of attractions you like, you can spend a leisure time by losing yourself in this charming city!

 

If you have a chance to pay a visit to Xian, be sure to find a tour guide at China Travelogue.

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Best Places to visit in Beijing – Top Attractions

What are the best attractions in Beijing? As one of the most famous and attractive tourist destinations of China, Beijing possesses various scenic sites and is rich in historical and cultural relics. With ChinaTravelogue, you will have chance to visit the well-known world heritage sites, to tour the elegant imperial gardens or wander in hutongs and valleys to get closer to local folks’ lives, etc. Here we go.

 

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Tiananmen Square

Tiananmen Square

What is the most representative place in Beijing? The answers are various. But Tiananmen Square is unarguably on the top list. Lying in the heart of Beijing City, it is the place for massive parades and gathering. It boasts of the largest square of such kind in the world. This was the place when in 1949, from a rostrum on Tiananmen (the Gate of Heavenly Tiananmen Square Peace), Chairman Mao announced the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. Tiananmen Square is circled by Tiananmen (Gate of Heaven Peace) on its north; the Great Hall of the People on its west; on the east of Tiananmen Square lies the National Museum of China,; there are Monument to the People’s Heroes and Chairman Mao’s Mausoleum on the south.

 

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Temple of Heaven

Temple of Heaven

The Temple of Heaven is considered the most holy of Beijing’s imperial temples. It has been described as “a masterpiece of architecture and landscape design”. The Temple of Heaven has also been listed as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. The Temple of Heaven was built in the Ming Dynasty (AD 1420) by the emperor Zhu Di in the royal garden. Once a year, at winter solstice, the emperors came here to worship Heaven and to solemnly pray for a good harvest.

 

Since his rule was legitimized by a perceived mandate from Heaven, a bad harvest could be interpreted as his fall from Heaven’s favor and threaten the stability of his reign. So, it was not without a measure of self-interest that the emperor fervently prayed for a very good crop.

 

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Badaling Great Wall

Badaling Great Wall

Badaling Great WallThe star attraction of Beijing is the Great Wall, which was inscribed into the list of the World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987. Badaling and Mutianyu Sections are the most famous ones.

 

In the northwestern suburbs of Beijing, Badaling Great Wall, one of the best-preserved and most accessible sections, is lying on the steep mountains. It was first constructed some 500 years ago during the Ming Dynasty with large and solid square rocks. With its strategic position, Badaling Section took tremendous labor and materials.

 

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Forbidden City

Forbidden City

Beijing is an old capital city developing at a fast pace. The Forbidden City is the ideal place for you to begin your exploration of Beijing by opening its mysterious face. With over 9,000 rooms and over 250 acres, this large palace building was built between 1406 and 1420. It Forbidden Cityburned down and was rebuilt, sacked and renovated for times, so most of the architecture you can see today dates back to the 18th century in the Qing Dynasty. It is quite helpful to have a guide escort you and tell the stories behind the palace.

 

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Summer Palace

Summer Palace

Summer PalaceLocated in the northwestern suburbs of Beijing, built in 1750, Summer Palace is the existing largest and best-preserved imperial garden, and a fine example of imperial gardening art. The Summer Palace mainly comprises Wanshou Hill that means longevity in Chinese, and Kunming Lake.

 

It well absorbed the creative design ideas of private gardens in southern China, Summer Palace concentrates the beauty and essence of Chinese garden architecture and boasts a large collection of valuable cultural relics. It earned a place in the World Heritage List in 1998.

 

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Hutong

Hutong

Beijing HutongA leisure stroll in winding Beijing hutongs will give you an insight into the lives of ordinary Chinese people and reveal their social culture in today’s Beijing City. Hutong means a lane or alley, is in fact the passage formed by lines of Siheyuan (a compound with houses around a courtyard) where old Beijing residents live. The gray-tiled houses and deep alleys crossing with each other in identical appearance like a maze, you will find it much fun to walk through but be care not to lost yourself.

 

A visit to hutongs plus a drama by the Beijing People’s Art Theatre, such as “Teahouse” or “SmallHutong” in the evening, will help you appreciate the fundamental part of Beijing’s life.

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